Mjadala wa lugha gani itumike katika mfumo wetu wa elimu, ni suala la kutia aibu kuliko hata aibu yenyewe. Inadhalilisha sana unaposikia watu wazima hajui tutumie lugha gani kufundishia. Eti tunabishana kipi bora Kiswahili ama Kiingereza, kweli? Fedheha hii inatokana na ukweli kwamba lugha ya kiingereza inayolazimishiwa hivi sasa ni miongoni mwa maajabu saba ya dunia kwa wanafunzi wengi.
Leo nimekuja na ushahidi wa karibu kabisa unaonyesha sura halisi ya tatizo. Nimepata bahati ya kupata karabrasha la 'utafiti' uliofanywa na mwanafunzi mmoja wa Chuo Kikuu aliyekuwa anajiandaa kuitetea Digrii yake kwa kuandika 'tasnifu'.
Baada ya kusoma vipande vichache vya karabrasha hili naomba uamue mwenyewe kuwa Digrii iliyomwezesha kuandika andiko hili ni halali ama ni feki. Halafu fikiri nani wa kumlaumu: yeye mwenyewe asiyejua lugha ambayo ni ya wakoloni na haitumii kuwasiliana na jamii yake au ni serikali yake isiyoelewa makosa ya kugenisha hadi lugha?
Inawezekana kabisa kuwa wakati unaposoma andiko hili, mwenyewe anafanya kazi ya kufundisha wanafunzi nchini ama ni Mkurugenzi kabisa wa Elimu kama alikuwa na chaneli.
Kwa sababu ya kulinda haki yake, nimechomoa vipande vidogo vidogo ambavyo vitakupa picha ya jumla ya namna anavyokielezea kile alichokifanya. Kumbuka lengo si kuuchambua ‘utafiti’ wake ila KUSHUHUDIA matumizi ya lugha ya kigeni na athari zake kwenye mfumo wa elimu.
Majina yote nimeyabadilisha na taarifa nyingine zimebinywa kwa makusudi mazima.
Najua unaposoma ‘tasnifu’ hii wakati mwingine utajawa hofu kiasi kwamba usipokuwa mvumilivu unaweza kunituhumu kuwa huenda nimechonokoa andiko lake kwa makusudi. Nakuhakikishia sijafanya kingine zaidi ya kupunguza aya nisizozihitaji na kubadili majina yaliyotajwa. (Maana najua kabisa haki za utafiti huu zimehifadhiwa.)
Haya na tusome:
I would like to convey my sincere gratitude to people who assisted me to in carrying out this research project productively. In a very special way I would like to thanks Dr. Majimarefu (jina la dakta nimelibadilisha) my lecturer and research project coordinator for his good organization and coordination of the research project work. Exceptional and well-regarded positive thanks should also go to the heads of the schools in which I visited and get the information that enables me to write this research project. I also like to thanks the heads of the NGO’s that provide school fees and other important assistance to some of the students in my study area. I would like to thanks all librarians for their assistance in helping us to get the required materials that was relevant to my research project. Lastly my special thanks goes to Mr. Fataki (jina limebadilishwa) who helped me much when I
was search information from the internet and writing this research project using the computer.
This research project was carried in Lushoto and Korogwe districts areas to find out whether additional school cost prevent the students from poor families from attending secondary school. The research project concentrate in the two schools in Lushoto and one in Korogwe district as a case study.
(mengine nimeyaacha kwa makusudi)
1.6. Literature Review
(Pata kipande hiki kifupi)
The World Bank estimates that 40% or more of the unit costs of schooling in Tanzania are borne by the parents World Bank (1997: 49). Lwaitama A.F., EP. Mtato EP et al, (2001) state that the cost sharing are a great problem to many parents, and many children have no access to education because their parents doesn’t afford the costs.
Reluctant of Interviewee to give information, some parents and the village administrators was asking for some money so that they can give information, and some of the heads of the school was hiding what they do for the students who does not pay for these additional costs.
Language problem, Parents, village administrators, and some of the students was facing the language problem when the researcher administered interview and during the focus group discussion. This make researcher to user time to translate the interview questions to Kiswahili so that the respondents can understand and then translate the respondent information to English. These slow down the speed of data collection and reduce the number of respondents.
Fund, for financing this study was not handed up on time. This makes the postponement of the data collection and submission of the final report date and this was caused by the loan board.
3. 0 Reseach Findings
other than the basic cost fees are limiting factor for the students of the poor families from attending the public secondary school in Tanzania. On the other hand only 14.4 percentages disagree with the hypothesis. This result shows that the opportunities of education on to the students of the poor families are low due to these additional costs. This argument is also supporter by several articles and authors like Mtalo and Lwaitama A.F.
unpredictable rainfall, this make many families to have low income that make the paying of the school fees and additional costs to be a great problem.
Fluctuation of the price of agriculture products, the head master of Blogu secondary School) Mr. Mrema explain to researcher that the main problem that make the income of the peoples around the school area is the price fluctuation of the farm product.
How school society treats students with the problem in paying school fees and other contribution? The students with school fees and additional costs payment problem are harshly treated by the head of the school. They are used to be sent home frequently to bring the money for the payments when their fellow are in class go on with their studies. For example Eliaichi Temba the student in Blogu secondary school said that “we always lost a lot of the lesson because our head master used to send us home frequently to bring money” she explained further that some time the students can lost a three day in the week at home waiting the his /her parents to get money to pay for them.
3.6. Critical Review
Through out the study some of the aspect went well but others does not went well due to the different factors which is not limited but include the following
The aspect that went well includes but not limited to the following
Data analysis, the data analysis went well because the reseacher was taught the data
analysis part during the lecture session very well such that researcher understand well on how to analyze data, and the help that the researcher get from the Assistance supervisor Dr. Blogu. All these help the researcher to analyze the data with the confidence.
Consultancy, There was time allocated by the lecturer and supervisor in a way that the researcher can use that a time to make consultancy if there is a problems as researcher went on with the study and hence ensure accuracy in every stage of the study.
The aspect that does not went well include the following:
Financial difficulties, the financial difficulties make the data collection, proposal writing not to be done in the time arranged, and make the submission of the final report to be postponed. This makes use a lot of time in research instead of dealing with other things else.
Report writing, was some how difficult because the researcher was not excel in computer, and during the research project writing the university computer laboratory was out of use by the university students this enforce the researcher to use the little money allocated for typing in the stationery that lead the shortage of fund before the completion of the research project report.
The study show clearly the problem faced by the students from the poor family in paying the school additional cost in the public school. And this show that the education will be for those who their family can pay and those who can’t pay they remain aside and the gap between those who have and those who not have will increase and lead to increase in the problem of income inequality which include but not limited to corruption, theft and other bad action in our society. But the government and NGO’s can do something in helping this croup as suggested in the recommendation part of this research project article.
Aidha baada ya uchambuzi huo, mtafiti aliweka ambatanisho lake la maswali aliyoyatumia. Nimechagua yale yaliyonivutia zaidi. Yasome kwa makini uelewe:
GUIDING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRES TO SCHOOL ADMINISTRATION:
4. Are there any parents who totally fail to pay the additional expenses for their children?
6. Are there any students in your school who fail to join or continue with the studies as they failing to pay additional expenses?
7. Are there any non government organization (NGO’s) Financing some of the students in your school, It Yes how many students. What are that NGO’s?
GUIDING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRES TO PARENTS:
1. How many children do you have, are there any of them who are in secondary school?
2. What are the family annul income and what are the basic sources of the family income?
3. What are the other uses of the family income obtained apart from the payment for education?
5. What is your opinion if some one pays the school fees for your child?
GUIDING INTERVIEW QUESTIONNAIRES TO STUDENTS:
1. What make you not attending to secondary school and you have selected?
2. Do you think there are means that your parents can use to get money to pay fees and other contributions?
3. What are you doing now in your place?
4. Are you willing to go school if someone pay fees and additional costs for you?
Je, bado unabisha kwamba Kiingereza ni janga la kujitakia la elimu yetu? Je, unadhani a0nachokifikiri msomi huyu ndicho anachokiandika?